dxlg-10k_20180203.htm

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)

OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended February 3, 2018

(Fiscal 2017)

 

Commission File Number 01-34219

 

DESTINATION XL GROUP, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

Delaware

 

04-2623104

(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)

 

(IRS Employer

Identification No.)

 

555 Turnpike Street, Canton, MA

 

02021

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip Code)

(781) 828-9300

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

 

Title of each class

 

 

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

 

Common Stock, $0.01 par value

 

The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

None

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K(§229.405 of this chapter)  is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of the registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.    

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "non-accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company" and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).    Yes      No  

As of July 29, 2017, the aggregate market value of the Common Stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant was approximately $67.5 million, based on the last reported sale price on that date. Shares of Common Stock held by each executive officer and director and by certain persons who own 10% or more of the outstanding Common Stock have been excluded on the basis that such persons may be deemed to be affiliates. This determination of affiliate status is not necessarily determinative for other purposes.

The registrant had 48,759,404 shares of Common Stock, $0.01 par value, outstanding as of March 16, 2018.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Portions of the Proxy Statement for the 2018 Annual Meeting of Stockholders are incorporated by reference into Part III.

 

 


 

DESTINATION XL GROUP, INC.

 

 

Index to Annual Report on Form 10-K

Year Ended February 3, 2018

 

 

 

 

 

Page

 

 

 

PART I

 

 

 

Item 1.

 

Business

 

3

 

Item 1A.

 

Risk Factors

 

12

 

Item 1B.

 

Unresolved Staff Comments

 

19

 

Item 2.

 

Properties

 

19

 

Item 3.

 

Legal Proceedings

 

21

 

Item 4.

 

Mine Safety Disclosures

 

21

 

 

 

PART II

 

 

 

Item 5.

 

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

22

 

Item 6.

 

Selected Financial Data

 

24

 

Item 7.

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

26

 

Item 7A.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

38

 

Item 8.

 

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

 

39

 

Item 9.

 

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

 

68

 

Item 9A.

 

Controls and Procedures

 

68

 

Item 9B.

 

Other Information

 

70

 

 

 

PART III

 

 

 

Item 10.

 

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

 

71

 

Item 11.

 

Executive Compensation

 

71

 

Item 12.

 

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

 

71

 

Item 13.

 

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

 

71

 

Item 14.

 

Principal Accounting Fees and Services

 

71

 

 

 

PART IV

 

 

 

Item 15.

 

Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

 

72

 

Item 16.

 

Form 10-K Summary

 

72

 

 

 

Signatures

 

77

 

 

 

 

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PART I.

Certain statements contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K (this “Annual Report”) constitute “forward-looking statements,” including forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. In some cases, forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology such as “may,” “will,” “estimate,” “intend,” “plan,” “continue,” “believe,” “expect” or “anticipate” or the negatives thereof, variations thereon or similar terminology. The forward-looking statements contained in this Annual Report are generally located under the headings “Business” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” but may be found in other locations as well, and include statements regarding cash flows, gross profit margins, store counts, capital expenditures, marketing spend, depreciation, sales and earnings expectations for fiscal 2018, the expected impact of marketing initiatives in fiscal 2018, the timing of identifying and hiring a successor CEO and the expected use of cash from operations in fiscal 2018. These forward-looking statements generally relate to plans and objectives for future operations and are based upon management’s reasonable estimates of future results or trends. The forward-looking statements in this Annual Report should not be regarded as a representation by us or any other person that the objectives or plans of the Company will be achieved. Numerous factors could cause our actual results to differ materially from such forward-looking statements, including, without limitation, risks relating to the execution of our corporate strategy and ability to grow our market share, and those risks and uncertainties set forth below under Item 1A, Risk Factors. Readers are encouraged to review these risks and uncertainties carefully.

These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of the document in which they are made. We disclaim any obligation or undertaking to provide any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statement to reflect any change in its expectations or any change in events, conditions or circumstances in which the forward-looking statement is based.

Item 1. Business

Destination XL Group, Inc., together with its subsidiaries (the “Company”), is the largest specialty retailer of big & tall men’s apparel with retail locations in the United States, London, England and Toronto, Canada. We operate under the trade names of Destination XL®, DXL®, DXL Men’s Apparel, DXL outlets, Casual Male XL®, Casual Male XL outlets, Rochester Clothing, ShoesXL® and LivingXL®. We operate 212 DXL retail stores, 14 DXL outlet stores, 78 Casual Male XL retail stores, 33 Casual Male XL outlet stores and 5 Rochester Clothing stores. We also operate a direct business at DestinationXL.com, which also supports our stores, brands and product extensions. Unless the context indicates otherwise, all references to “we,” “our,” “ours,” “us” and “the Company” refer to Destination XL Group, Inc. and our consolidated subsidiaries. We refer to our fiscal years ended February 3, 2018, January 28, 2017 and January 30, 2016 as “fiscal 2017”, “fiscal 2016” and “fiscal 2015,” respectively. Fiscal 2017 was a 53-week year and fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015 were 52-week years.

OUR INDUSTRY

The big & tall men’s apparel market includes pants with a waist size of 42” and greater, as well as tops sized 1XL and greater. Growth in this segment has historically been driven by rapidly changing market demographics. We believe that we can increase our market share by catering to the broader target market, attracting customers from various income, age and lifestyle segments and offering the widest selection of sizes and styles that fit well. An opportunity also exists for market share growth from the lower-size range of our market, that is, men with a 38” to 46” waist size, which we define as our “end-of-rack” customers. These sizes are usually at the high end of the size range for most men’s apparel retailers and, as a result, the selection is usually limited at such retailers.  

HISTORY

Our Company was incorporated in the State of Delaware in 1976 under the name Designs, Inc. Until fiscal 1995, we operated exclusively in Levi Strauss & Co. branded apparel mall and outlet stores. In May 2002, we acquired the Casual Male business from Casual Male Corp. at a bankruptcy court-ordered auction. At the time of the acquisition, Casual Male was the largest specialty retailer of men’s clothing in the big & tall market in the United States. As a result of the acquisition, on August 8, 2002, we changed our name to “Casual Male Retail Group, Inc.”

Through fiscal 2010, we primarily operated Casual Male XL retail stores, Casual Male XL outlet stores and Rochester Clothing stores, along with the associated websites and catalogs. We catered to all customers through these three store formats, from our value-oriented customer (Casual Male XL outlets) to our luxury-oriented customer (Rochester Clothing stores). During that year, we tested a new store concept, Destination XL (“DXL”). The DXL store concept merged all of our existing brands under one roof, offering our customers an extensive assortment of product and an increased presence of name brands, without having to shop multiple stores. In addition to offering our customers a wide assortment, we also wanted to provide them with a unique shopping experience. We are focused on providing outstanding customer service through our DXL stores, with everything from larger fitting rooms to professional, trained associates providing both personal attention and on-site tailoring. With the initial success of this store format, we then made a

 

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similar change to our e-commerce business in fiscal 2011 when we launched our DestinationXL.com website which, like our DXL store, merged all of our previous websites into one consolidated e-commerce site providing our customers the ability to cross-shop our brands easily.

As part of our new direction, in December 2012, we changed our NASDAQ stock ticker symbol to “DXLG” and in February 2013 we changed our corporate name to “Destination XL Group, Inc.”

BUSINESS STRATEGY

Over the past seven years, we have gradually transitioned the majority of our store base from our Casual Male XL retail and Rochester Clothing stores to our DXL Men’s Apparel store format.  With over 225 DXL retail and outlet stores throughout the United States and two in Canada, we have substantially completed our build-out of new DXL stores.  This represents a turning point in the evolution of our Company as the capital investment required to build out new stores becomes significantly less.  We have now reached the point where our focus heading into fiscal 2018 is on customer acquisition, customer retention and customer re-activation, through improving traffic to our stores and enhancing the customer’s experience with our direct business. We are focused on the following four key ongoing initiatives and strategies:

 

Increasing Store Productivity: Our store productivity metrics, such as dollars per transaction and conversion, have increased year-over-year, but we believe there is further opportunity to capture more customers and greater share of their wallets.  One of our biggest challenges in recent years has been driving year-over-year increases in traffic to our stores.  During fiscal 2018, we expect to launch a new television marketing campaign to create an emotional connection to our brand and generate a greater motivation to visit a store.  We continue to invest in our store selling associates and foster a culture of XL style with every customer who walks through our door.  We are also working to improve point-of–sale technology to make it easier and faster for our associates to access and sell inventory outside of the store’s four walls.

With respect to our remaining Casual Male XL retail and outlet stores, we are currently testing a DXL remodel approach as opposed to closing the Casual Male XL store and opening a DXL store nearby.  In the second half of fiscal 2017, we converted two Casual Male XL stores to DXL stores and are tracking the results. If successful, we may continue to convert some of the remaining Casual Male XL stores over time.  The majority of our Casual Male XL stores are profitable and can continue to coexist with DXL if we choose not to pursue further remodels; however, we do expect to close certain low volume Casual Male XL retail and outlet stores as lease terms expire.  

 

Growing our Direct Business: Our direct business represented approximately 21.0% of our total sales in fiscal 2017 and reached 23.1% in the fourth quarter, demonstrating the potential for rapid growth in this sales channel. We are committed to providing a first-class, online experience that allows our customers to shop anytime, anywhere, on any device while providing a level of service and customization similar to what they would receive in our stores.  During the latter half of fiscal 2017, we made several foundational enhancements to our website to improve the overall shopping experience.  We have observed a discernable traffic migration from desktop to mobile navigation on our e-commerce site, consistent with the expected increased use of smartphones and tablets by consumers in general. Because we target a very broad and diverse customer base, we believe it is critical to segment our customer base and communicate with our customers on a personal level.  We are enabling new functionality that will allow us to tailor our messaging to specific customers, based on their buying patterns.

Expanding our reach through third party marketplaces such as Amazon is also a key initiative for us to grow our direct business.  Marketplaces provide us with an opportunity to acquire new customers who are not familiar with our brand.  We have been selling on Amazon marketplace for several years and have just recently begun to participate in Amazon’s seller-fulfilled Prime program.

 

Focusing on the Customer:  We are constantly striving to do a better job of acquiring, retaining and reactivating XL customers.  Our primary tool for customer acquisition is our annual marketing campaign. For 2018, we expect to run two flights:  6 weeks in the Spring and 5 weeks in the Fall.  Based on testing that we have performed, we believe that the most effective marketing campaign for the target XL customer is one that sparks an emotional connection with our brand.  We will continue to glean insights from previous campaigns and modify our future campaigns in an effort to connect with target customers and communicate the brand’s benefits and why our target customers should shop with us.

We have a loyal customer base, with approximately 93% of our transactions processed through our loyalty program.  Our customer response rates from loyalty offers are increasing, and the loyalty program allows us to communicate to our best customers in a manner that has a more exclusive look and feel and is an important tool for retention. We saw encouraging customer response to our loyalty perks in the fourth quarter of 2017, and we hope to build off of that progress in fiscal 2018 and motivate our existing customers to visit and shop more often and spend a greater share of their wallets with us.  

 

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Marketing our Merchandise Assortment: Our good, better, best merchandise assortment strategy has been a cornerstone of our business.  We have over 100 designer brands and a strong private label offering and we are able to customize the merchandise selection for every store. Our growth of the “end-of-rack” customer, which we define as customers with waist size 38” to 46”, is bringing in a younger, smaller-waist customer, who spends more and shops more often.  We are responding to the demands of this  new customer with our new “What’s on Tap” fashion-forward-product line which brings the newest fashion trends to our stores with limited lead times. In addition, where in the past lead time prevented us from replenishing in season, we are now able to react within 30 to 45 days.  We are also looking at opportunities to deliver more fashion product to our smaller DXL stores that until now have been primarily assorted with core product.  A key initiative of our marketing campaigns in 2018 will be messaging to our customers the quality, fit and breadth of our merchandise offerings.

OUR BUSINESS

We operate as an omni-channel retailer of big & tall men’s apparel.  Through our multiple brands, which include both branded apparel and private-label, we offer a broad range of merchandise at varying price points, catering from the value-oriented customer to the luxury-oriented customer. Our objective is to appeal to all of our customers by providing a good, better, best array of product assortments in all primary lifestyles with multiple and convenient ways to shop.

Our DXL retail stores and e-commerce site cater to all income demographics and offer our customers merchandise to fit a variety of lifestyles from casual to business, young to mature, in all price ranges and in all large sizes from XL and up. In addition, our e-commerce site includes a complete offering of shoes in sizes 10W to 18W.  Our Casual Male XL stores primarily carry moderate-priced branded and private label casual sportswear and dresswear, while our Rochester Clothing stores carry fine quality, designer and branded menswear. We also operate Casual Male XL outlets and DXL outlets for our value-oriented customer.  

Another important part of our business operation is managing the number of sizes offered to our customers and optimizing our in-stock position throughout each season. Our best-selling pant has 49 size combinations as compared to an average retailer who may only have 15 different size combinations.  We maintain a consolidated inventory across all channels that enable us to manage our in-stock position of all sizes effectively, ultimately improving customer service. Moreover, our planning and allocation methodologies, with respect to store assortment planning, help to optimize each location’s market potential without excessive inventory levels.

MERCHANDISE

We offer our customers a broad assortment of apparel that is appropriate to our diverse customer base. Regardless of our customers’ age, socioeconomic status, or lifestyle preference, we are able to assemble a wardrobe to fit our customers’ apparel needs. We offer such assortments in private-label product, balanced with an array of brand name labels. With over 5,000 styles available, we carry tops in sizes up to 8XL and 8XLT, bottoms with waist sizes 38” to 70”, and shoes in sizes 10W to 18W. In addition, we added to our product assortment a smaller fit XL and XLT to appeal to our target “end-of-rack” customer.

Our stores are merchandised to showcase entire outfits by lifestyle, including traditional, active, denim, young men’s, dress wear and contemporary. This format allows us to merchandise key items and seasonal goods in prominent displays and makes coordinating outfits easier for the customer while encouraging multi-item purchases. This lifestyle layout also allows us to manage store space and product assortment more effectively in each market to target local demographics. The key item strategy is also fully integrated by lifestyle, allowing us to focus on merchandise presentation and offer our customers a compelling value proposition.

Merchandise assortments in our DXL stores are organized not only by lifestyle, but within each lifestyle, the assortments are shown in a “good”, “better”, “best” and “luxury” visual presentation, again to benefit our customers’ ease of shopping. With the “best” merchandise assortments featured most prominently in the DXL store, our customers are able to visualize current fashion trends and select their wardrobes within their desired price points in a convenient manner.

We carry several well-known national brands of merchandise (“branded apparel”) as well as a number of our own private-label lines within our “good”, “better”, “best” and “luxury” price points.  The penetration of branded apparel in our DXL stores can range from 15% to 80%, depending on several factors, but on average, our DXL stores carry approximately 50% branded merchandise.  

Higher-End Luxury Fashion Apparel -“Best” and “Luxury” Merchandise

Within this higher-end price range, we carry a broad selection of quality apparel from well-known branded manufacturers such as, Brooks Brothers®, The North Face®, Gran Sasso®, John Laing®, Remy, Psycho Bunny®, Derek Rose, Brioni®, Coppley, Eton®, Hickey Freeman®, Jack Victor®, Lucky, Michael Kors®, Pantherella®, Paul & Shark, JOE’S® Jeans, Robert Graham®, Robert Talbot, St. Hillaire, Ted Baker®, True Religion®, Turnbull & Asser®, Robert Barakett®, MVP®, and David Donahue®.

 

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Moderate-Priced Apparel -“Better” Merchandise

We offer our customer an extensive selection of quality sportswear and dress clothing at moderate prices carrying such well-known brands such as: Buffalo Jeans®, Rainforest, Brooks Brothers®, O’Neill®, Retro Brand, Cutter & Buck®, Levis®, Adidas® Golf, Columbia, Berne®, Carhartt®, Callaway®, CK Jeans®, CK Sport®,  Jockey®, Lacoste®, Majestic, Polo Ralph Lauren®, Tommy Bahama®, Tommy Hilfiger®, and Tallia®.

In addition, we carry several moderate-priced private-label lines:

 

Twenty Eight Degrees™ is targeted as a contemporary/modern line offering sportswear and loungewear.

 

Society of One is a jeanswear brand catering to the needs of the fashion denim customer.

 

Rochester is a line that targets traditional luxury styles. We also offer a complete selection of sportcoats, dress shirts and neckwear under our Rochester Black Label private label.

 

What’s On Tap is a fashion brand offering customers the newest fashion trends with speed to market execution.  The line offers our customers the opportunity to wear the newest fashion trend before other big and tall retailers offer similar fashions.

 

Value-Priced Apparel -“Good” Merchandise

For our value-oriented customers, we carry Geoffrey Beene®, Cubavera, Nautica® and Nautica Jeans®, Dockers, Lee, Perry Ellis, Wrangler, Reebok and PX Clothing. In addition we carry several value-priced private label lines:

 

Harbor Bay® was our first proprietary brand and it is a traditional line that continues to represent a significant portion of our business, specifically in terms of our core basic merchandise.

 

Gold Series™ is our core performance offering of tailored-related separates, blazers, dress slacks, dress shirts and neckwear that blends comfort features such as stretch, stain resistance and wrinkle-free fabrics with basic wardrobe essentials.

 

Synrgy™ targets the customer looking for a contemporary/modern look.

 

Oak Hill® is a premier line catering to those customers looking for slightly more style and quality than our Harbor Bay line but still in a traditional lifestyle.

 

True Nation® is a denim-inspired line consisting of vintage-screen t-shirts and wovens and is geared towards our younger customers.

 

Island Passport® is an island-inspired line of camp shirts, printed woven shirts and relaxed island-inspired pants.

RETAIL CHANNEL

Destination XL Stores (“DXL”)

Our DXL store concept brings all of our brands together in one format. Within this format, we cater to our diverse customer base, with merchandise representing all price points, from our luxury brands to value-oriented brands, and all lifestyles, from business to denim.  The size of our current DXL stores, which contain almost triple the product assortments of a Casual Male XL store, averages 7,800 square feet.  Since fiscal 2014, we have been opening smaller (5,000-6,500 square feet) DXL stores.  Because the size of these stores is smaller, they carry a smaller product offering than our other DXL stores but are representative of the “good, better, best” merchandise variety. We seek to locate our DXL stores in places that are highly visible, preferably adjacent to regional malls or other high-traffic shopping areas.

Our DXL stores provide our customers a spacious store with up to three times the product offering of a Casual Male XL store. The merchandise in our DXL stores is organized by lifestyle: active, traditional, modern and denim with a representation of all of our brands and price points, utilizing a “good, better, best” pricing structure. Depending on the customers in each respective market, we can adjust the appropriate mix of merchandise, with varying selections from each of our price points, to cater to each demographic market. This larger store format also provides us the footprint necessary to carry a complete offering of dress wear, including tailored and “made-to-measure” custom clothing, as well as a selection of shoes in extended sizes and a broad assortment of accessories such as belts, ties, and socks.

During fiscal 2017, we opened 20 DXL retail stores and 1 DXL outlet store, bringing our store count at February 3, 2018 to 212 DXL retail stores and 14 DXL outlet stores. This includes two DXL retail stores which opened in Toronto, Canada during the first quarter of fiscal 2017.  For fiscal 2018, we plan to open two DXL retail stores and one DXL outlet store, and to remodel two Casual Male XL retail stores to DXL retail stores.  

 

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Casual Male XL Retail Stores

At February 3, 2018, we operated 78 Casual Male XL full-price retail stores, located primarily in strip centers or stand-alone locations. The majority of the merchandise carried in our Casual Male XL stores is moderate-priced basic or fashion-neutral items, such as jeans, casual slacks, t-shirts, polo shirts, dress shirts and suit separates. These stores also carry a full complement of our “better” private label collections. The average Casual Male XL retail store is approximately 3,400 square feet.

DXL Outlet /Casual Male XL Outlet Stores

At February 3, 2018, we operated 33 Casual Male XL and 14 DXL outlet stores designed to offer a wide range of casual clothing for the big & tall customer at prices that are generally 20-25% lower than our moderate-priced merchandise. Much of the merchandise in our outlet stores is offered with the purchasing interests of the value-oriented customer in mind. In addition to private-label and branded merchandise at our “good” price tier, our outlets also carry clearance product obtained from DXL, Casual Male XL and Rochester Clothing stores, offering the outlet customer the ability to purchase branded and fashion product for a reduced price.

The average Casual Male XL outlet store is approximately 3,100 square feet and the average DXL outlet is approximately 5,100 square feet.  

Rochester Clothing Stores

At February 3, 2018, we operated 5 Rochester Clothing stores, located in major cities in the United States and one store in London, England. The Rochester Clothing stores have a wide selection of our “best” merchandise which consists primarily of high-end merchandise from well-recognized brands. In addition, these stores also carry a few private-label lines that are specifically designed for our high-end customer. The average Rochester Clothing store is approximately 10,000 square feet.

International

In addition to our Rochester Clothing store located in London, England, we also have one franchised DXL store in the Middle East at the Symphony Mall in Kuwait City, Kuwait, which was opened in fiscal 2014 pursuant to a franchise agreement with The Standard Arabian Business & Enterprises Company (SABECO).  

In the spring of fiscal 2017, we opened two DXL stores in Toronto, Canada. These are the first DXL brand stores operated by the Company outside of the United States. We believe that Canada provides a strategic growth opportunity for our DXL brand. We believe that the international big & tall men’s apparel market is currently underserved and we will continue to consider and evaluate opportunities for international growth in the future.  

DIRECT CHANNEL

Our direct business, which consists primarily of our e-commerce business, is a vital part of our growing omni-channel business approach, allowing us to service our customers whether it is in-person at a store, over the telephone, or online via a computer, smartphone or tablet. Our direct business enables the omni-channel approach by encouraging and expecting our store associates to use our e-commerce sites to help fulfill our customers’ clothing needs. If a wider selection of a lifestyle, color or size of an item is not available in our store, then our store associates can order the item for our customer through our direct channel and have it shipped to the store or directly to the customer. Our customers also have the ability to order online and pick-up in store on the same day.

With the ability to showcase all of our store inventories online, we are seeing an increase in the number of transactions that are initiated online but are ultimately completed in store.  In addition, our stores are able to fulfill an order for an item that is out-of-stock in our warehouse.  This capability has not only resulted in incremental sales, but it has also helped us reduce clearance merchandise at the store level and manage margins.

Destination XL® E-Commerce Site

In fiscal 2013, we combined all of our then-existing web addresses and redirected our customers to the Destination XL website, keeping the individual landing pages for the respective sites.  As part of our initiative to streamline and simplify the shopping experience for our customers, in the third quarter of fiscal 2017 we launched a redesign of our website, which included folding the individual landing pages into a single www.destinationxl.com landing page. Our redesigned website offers our customers a unique online experience, incorporating the visual merchandising and customer service expertise from our brick and mortar stores. Similar to our DXL store concept, our www.destinationxl.com website allows our customers to conveniently shop across all of our brands and product extensions.  

 

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Customers can search across all of our brands and, similar to our stores, shop merchandise from value-oriented to luxury price points.  In addition, a customer can tailor their search using our “size profile.”  Our Destination XL website also offers a complete line of men’s footwear in extended sizes, offering our customers a full range of footwear in hard-to-find sizes.  Although our DXL stores all have a selection of footwear available, we are able to offer a full assortment of sizes and styles through our website.  The assortment is a reflection of our apparel, with a broad selection from moderate to luxury and from casual to formal. We currently have a selection of more than 600 styles of shoes, ranging in sizes from 10W to 18W. We carry a number of designer brands including Cole Haan®, Allen Edmonds®, Timberland®, Calvin Klein®, Lacoste®, Donald J. Pliner and Bruno Magli®.

With more of our customers moving away from desktop toward their mobile devices, we have taken a “mobile-first” mindset on designing customer interactions as we continue to innovate and enhance the customer’s shopping experience. Our mobile optimized website, m.destinationxl.com,  and our recently launched mobile app help our customers browse products, checkout, access our loyalty program information, research inventory in a local store, and find a local store location.  

We believe that our customers’ interactions with us, on a digital level, are key to customer retention and future growth.  We are elevating our customer relation management (“CRM”) system to create a platform where we have a 360-view of our customer beyond just a history of past purchases and preferences.  Infusing third-party data and predictive shopping habits, we will have the ability to engage with our customers in a more personalized level.

In addition to our Destination XL website, our customers can also access our LivingXL website directly from our homepage.  LivingXL is an online-only store that specializes in the selling of select high-quality products which help larger people maintain a more comfortable lifestyle. The types of products sold on our website benefit both men and women and include chairs, outdoor accessories, travel accessories, bed and bath and fitness equipment.

For our international customers, upon entering our full site, these visitors are identified based on where they reside globally and are able to shop in their local currency. In addition, checkout is customized based on their location, with local payment methods and a guaranteed cost including shipping and taxes.

Online Marketplaces

Broadening our reach through online marketplaces continues to be a growth initiative for our direct business.  During fiscal 2017, we elevated our positioning with Amazon and now have a large portion of our assortment available with Amazon Prime shipping.  Online marketplaces, such as Amazon, Walmart.com and Jet.com, provide us an opportunity to grow our customer base and introduce them to our brand.

MERCHANDISE PLANNING AND ALLOCATION  

Our merchandise planning and allocation function is critical to the effective management of our inventory, store assortments, product sizes and overall gross margin profitability. The merchandise planning and allocation team has an array of planning and replenishment tools available to assist in maintaining an appropriate level of inventory, in-stock positions at the store and for the direct channel, and pre-season planning for product assortments for each store and the direct channel. Additionally, in-season reporting identifies opportunities and challenges in inventory performance. Over the past several years, we have made and will continue to make investments in implementing best practice tools and processes for our merchandise planning and allocation.

Our core merchandise makes up approximately 38% of our merchandise assortment. Our planning and allocation team estimates quantity and demand several months in advance to optimize gross margin and minimize end-of-season merchandise for all seasonal merchandise. We develop customized assortment strategies by store that accentuate lifestyle preferences for each particular store.

Our merchandising data warehouse provides the merchandising team with standardized reporting for monitoring assortment performance by product category and by store, identifying in-stock positions by size and generally monitoring overall inventory levels relative to selling. At season end, we analyze the overall performance of product categories, overall assortments and specific styles by store to focus on the opportunities and challenges for the next season’s planning cycle.

Utilizing a set of specific universal reporting tools, we are able to fulfill the daily, weekly and monthly roles and responsibilities of the merchandise planning and allocation team. These reporting tools provide focused and actionable views of the business to optimize the overall assortment by category and by store. We believe that by having all members of the merchandise planning and allocation team follow a standardized set of processes with the use of standardized reporting tools, our inventory performance will be optimized.

 

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STORE OPERATIONS  

We believe that our store associates are the key to creating the highest quality experience for our customers. Beginning with the advent of our initial testing of DXL stores, we committed to change the culture in our stores from an operationally-driven organization to a sales-driven, customer-centric organization. Our overall goal was to assist our associates in becoming less task-oriented and more focused on serving the customer. We want our associates to help our customer meet his apparel needs through building his wardrobe; not just selling our customer a single item. In order to accomplish this, we invested in educating our associates.  Our associates are trained to be clothing experts, capable of accommodating our customer’s style and fit needs with ready-to-wear clothing. Our associates’ ability to be well versed in not only the product selection carried in their store, but also globally, coupled with access to order items for the customer via the web in-store, allows our associates to fulfill all of their customers’ needs. Our stores also offer on-site tailoring in order to assist customers in receiving a perfect fit. In addition to product knowledge, our training approach includes behavioral training as well.  A key component to the success of this program is finding the right caliber of store associates. Our multi-unit, field management team receives extensive training on recruiting associates who are the correct fit for our stores. Our new DXL store management team hires are enrolled in “The DXL Experience Training Program,” with time spent in one of our two Regional Training Centers. The culture has been created over the last eight years to promote from our internal associates, starting at the Assistant Store Manager level up to, and including, the Vice President of Operations level. Our Regional Vice-Presidents give us touch-points in the field in addition to the Regional Sales Managers and the store management to ensure consistency in executing our standards and all programs and processes we deem important to our success.

Each new store management team member spends time in a DXL store, working with certified training managers to solidify their training before they are released to their “home” store.  This allows each new store management team member to apply the skills learned during “The DXL Experience Training Program” so they in turn will have the tools to manage their respective stores successfully. We are able to gauge the effectiveness of our training through measuring sales productivity at each level of the field organization, including individual sales associates. We believe these educational programs, together with monitoring sales metrics to help identify opportunities for further training, will improve sales productivity and strengthen our customer’s brand loyalty.

Each DXL, Casual Male XL and Rochester Clothing store is staffed with a store manager, assistant managers and associates. The store manager is responsible for achieving certain sales and operational targets. Our stores have an incentive-based commission plan for managers and selling staff to encourage associates to focus on our customer’s wardrobing needs and sales productivity.  Our field organization strives to promote from within - a culture that has been building for eight years, with approximately 90% of the field organization’s multi-unit managers having managed one of our retail stores.

Our field organization is overseen by our Executive Vice President and Chief Customer Officer, Senior Vice President of Store Sales and Operations, Regional Vice Presidents and Regional Sales Managers, who provide management development and guidance to individual store managers. Each Regional Sales Manager is responsible for hiring and developing store managers at the stores assigned to that Regional Sales Manager’s market, and for the overall operations and profitability of those stores.

MARKETING AND ADVERTISING

 

We believe marketing and advertising are key drivers in increasing brand awareness which, in turn, increases traffic to our stores and online. Our marketing focus is on increasing the awareness of our DXL brand, so shoppers will think of us when they decide to purchase men’s XL clothing or accessories. With only 4 out of every 10 men aware of who we are, we believe we have a great opportunity to build our customer base and increase market share.  In fiscal 2016, we experienced a drop in our brand recognition, which was the result of decreased spending on national media. In fiscal 2017, we aired TV and Radio for 14 weeks, compared to only 6 weeks in fiscal 2016, which had a measurable impact brand awareness and customer count as we saw our brand awareness increase from 34% at the end of fiscal 2016 to 42% at the end of fiscal 2017.

In fiscal 2017, we increased our marketing expenses to $29.5 million, with an emphasis on new creative and additional digital advertising.  In fiscal 2018, we expect marketing expenses to be $24.0 million.  Our 2018 marketing program will include two media campaigns: first, our Spring campaign, which will run up to Father’s Day; second, our Fall/Holiday campaign, which will run for 6 weeks. We are also launching new creative advertising for 2018, which will emphasize fit, expertise, brands, in-store experience, and one-stop shopping. The new campaign will highlight DXL’s key differentiators and will seek to spark an emotional connection with our core consumer. In addition to adding back television to aid in growing the customer count, we plan to focus more aggressively on our customer loyalty program. Our loyalty program has consistently delivered better response rates as compared to our other direct marketing programs. Approximately 93% of customers in our active customer base are enrolled in our loyalty program, resulting in a more than 59% DXL customer corporate retention rate. On a rolling twelve-month basis, our DXL retail stores have an almost 35% higher customer retention rate than our Casual Male XL retail stores.  In addition, we will focus on personalization in our email marketing and digital programs, which we believe will make our reduced marketing spend in 2018 more cost effective. We will also be implementing a new CRM system to support our direct marketing efforts.

 

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As we close more of our Casual Male XL stores in fiscal 2018, we will continue our efforts to increase awareness of the DXL brand and convert Casual Male XL customers to our DXL stores. We have converted more than 51% of our Casual Male XL customers since we began our transition over to DXL. Our focus will continue to be on transitioning our best Casual Male XL customers first, followed by other active, high-sales-contributing tiers of customers.  

GLOBAL SOURCING

We have strong experience in sourcing internationally, particularly in Asia, where we manufacture a significant percentage of our private-label merchandise. We have established relationships with some of the leading factories. Our sourcing network consists of over 21 factories in 4 countries. Currently, approximately 50% of all our product needs are sourced directly.

Our global sourcing strategy is a balanced approach considering quality, cost and lead time, depending on the requirements of the program. We believe our current sourcing structure is sufficient to meet our operating requirements and provide capacity for growth. The growth and effectiveness of our global direct sourcing program is a key component to the strength of merchandise margins.

In an effort to minimize foreign currency risk, all payments to our direct sourced vendors and buying agents are made in U.S. dollars through the use of letters of credit or payment on account.

DISTRIBUTION

All of our distribution operations are centralized at our headquarters located in Canton, Massachusetts. However, if merchandise is available at the store level but not available at the distribution center, our stores are capable of completing the order and shipping it directly to a customer.

We believe that having one centralized distribution facility minimizes the delivered cost of merchandise and maximizes the in-stock position of our stores. We believe that the centralized distribution system enables our stores to maximize selling space by reducing necessary levels of back-room stock carried in each store. In addition, the distribution center provides order fulfillment services for our e-commerce business.

Since 2003, we have utilized United Parcel Services (“UPS”) for all of our store shipments as well as our domestic customer deliveries. By utilizing UPS, we are able to track all deliveries from the warehouse to our individual stores, including the status of in-transit shipments. In addition, we are able to provide our direct customers with Authorized Return Service and Web labels, making returns more convenient for them.  Our current contract with UPS is through January 5, 2020.  

In order to service our International customers, we have contracted with a global e-commerce company for payment and shipment services.  Through this service, international customers view and pay for products in their local currency.  Our vendor then ships directly to our customer, which we believe helps avoid potential fraud and currency exchange rate risks.

Our warehousing application for our distribution center systems streamlines our distribution processes, enhances our in-transit times, and reduces our distribution costs substantially. Over the past several years, we have made improvements to our software such as automated packing for single piece orders, barcode scanning technologies and scanning technologies for our sortation systems, in order to improve productivity and to lower packing costs.

Our supply chain technology provides visibility for imports and domestic deliveries giving our buyers accurate shipping information and allowing the distribution center to plan staffing for arriving freight, resulting in reduced costs and improved receipt efficiency.

In-bound calls for our direct business are currently handled at our Canton facility and are primarily fulfilled by our distribution center.  If an order cannot be fulfilled by our distribution center, the order is completed at the store level.  

MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS

The infrastructure of our management information systems is a priority to us. We believe that the investments we have made in this regard have improved our overall efficiency and most importantly have enabled us to manage our inventory more effectively.

Our management information systems consist of a full range of retail merchandising and financial systems which include merchandise planning and reporting, distribution center processing, inventory allocation, sales reporting, and financial processing and reporting. We believe that our current infrastructure provides us the ability and capacity to process transactions more efficiently and provides our management team with comprehensive tools with which to manage our business.

 

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Using a retail business intelligence solution, we are able to integrate data from several sources and provide enterprise-wide analytics reporting. Over the past few years, we have developed a custom Assortment Suite application that leverages business intelligence and predictive analytics to provide high impact insights into core merchandising tasks. In an effort to further improve our inventory management, we have created a standardized set of “best practices” for both our merchandise planning and allocation groups.

Our direct business and retail business maintain a shared inventory system and we operate a single system platform for DXL, Casual Male XL and Rochester Clothing to deliver improved efficiencies and to make our full product assortment available to all of our business formats.

In fiscal 2018, we plan to upgrade our order management systems, which will upgrade our warehouse management and logistics capabilities for enhanced inventory visibility and order fulfillment. We continually work to improve our web environment. Our mobile optimized site capitalizes on the growing use of mobile devices to look up store information, review product offerings, and complete purchases. We have a tablet optimized website to further capitalize on the continued growth of mobile e-commerce, and in fiscal 2017 we launched our mobile app.  In addition, our current website is fully integrated with a global e-commerce company to accommodate international customers by providing multi-currency pricing, payment processing, and international shipping. Functionality was also implemented to support an online custom shirt program and an in-store application to support both a custom suit and custom shirt program.

COMPETITION

Our business faces competition from a variety of sources, including department stores such as Macy’s and Dillard’s, mass merchandisers, other specialty stores and discount and off-price retailers, as well as other retailers that sell big & tall men’s apparel. While we have successfully competed on the basis of merchandise selection, comfort and fit, customer service and desirable store locations, there can be no assurances that other retailers, including e-commerce retailers, will not adopt purchasing and marketing concepts similar to ours. Discount retailers with significant buying power, such as Wal-Mart and J.C. Penney, represent a source of competition for us. The direct business has several competitors, including the King Size catalog and website as well as online marketplaces, such as Amazon.

The United States big & tall men’s apparel market is highly competitive with many national and regional department stores, specialty apparel retailers, single market operators and discount stores offering a broad range of apparel products similar to ours. Besides retail competitors, we consider any casual apparel manufacturer operating in outlet malls throughout the United States to be a competitor in the casual apparel market. We believe that we are the only national operator of apparel stores focused on the men’s big & tall market.

SEASONALITY

Historically, and consistent with the retail industry, we have experienced seasonal fluctuations as it relates to our operating income and net income. Traditionally, a significant portion of our operating income and net income is generated in the fourth quarter, as a result of the holiday season.

TRADEMARKS/TRADEMARK LICENSE AGREEMENTS

We own several service marks and trademarks relating to our businesses, including, among others, “Destination XL®”, “DXL®”, “DXL Mens Apparel®”, “Big on Being Better®”, “Casual Male®”, “Casual Male XL®”, “Rochester Clothing®”, “Rochester Big & Tall®”, “Harbor Bay®”, “Oak Hill®”, “Comfort Zone®”, “Synrgy™”, “Twenty-Eight Degrees™”, “Society of One®” and “True Nation®”. We also hold a U.S. patent for an extendable collar system, which is marketed as “Neck-Relaxer®” and a U.S. copyright for a no-iron hang tag.

EMPLOYEES

As of February 3, 2018, we had approximately 2,634 employees. We hire additional temporary employees during the peak Fall and Holiday seasons. None of our employees is represented by any collective bargaining agreement.

AVAILABLE INFORMATION

Our corporate website is www.destinationxl.com.   Our investor relations site is http://investor.destinationxl.com. We make available through our website, free of charge, our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and all amendments to such reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, as soon as reasonably practicable after we have electronically filed such material with, or furnished such materials to, the Securities and Exchange Commission. The SEC maintains an internet site that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information for issuers that file electronically with the SEC at http://www.sec.gov.

 

 

 

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Item 1A. Risk Factors

The following discussion identifies certain important factors that could affect our financial position, our actual results of operations and our actions and could cause our financial position, results of operations and our actions to differ materially from any forward-looking statements made by or on behalf of our Company.

The following risk factors are the important factors of which we are aware that could cause actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from those expressed in any of our forward-looking statements. We operate in a continually changing business environment and new risk factors emerge from time to time. Other unknown or unpredictable factors also could have material adverse effects on our future results, performance or achievements. We cannot assure you that our projected results or events will be achieved or will occur.

Risks Related to Our Company and Our Industry

We may not be successful in executing our DXL strategy and growing our market share.

Through the end of fiscal 2017, we have opened over 225 DXL retail and outlet stores in the United States and Canada while closing many of our Casual Male XL and Rochester Clothing stores.  In fiscal 2017 we slowed the pace of our store openings with an increased focus on growing our direct business and increasing store productivity.  For us to be successful in the future and maintain growth, we must be able to continue increasing our share of the big & tall men’s apparel market. Our growth is dependent on our ability to continue to build upon our DXL brand, maintain and convert our existing Casual Male XL and Rochester Clothing customers to DXL, and continuing to attract new customers. Our failure to execute successfully our strategy could prevent us from growing our market share, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, cash flows and financial position, including if we were unable to:  

 

grow our DXL e-commerce business;

 

predict and respond to fashion trends, while offering our customers a broad selection of merchandise in an extended selection of sizes;  

 

maintain an effective marketing program to build brand, store and digital awareness as well as increase store traffic;

 

maintain our existing customer base;

 

attract and retain new customers;

 

hire qualified store management and store associates;

 

exit existing lease agreements at the end of the lease or on favorable terms;

 

effectively open and close stores within established cost parameters;

 

continue to grow and then sustain number of transactions, units-per-transaction and share of wallet; and

 

operate at appropriate operating margins.

Our marketing programs and success in maintaining and building our brand awareness, driving traffic and converting that traffic into an increased loyal customer base are critical to achieving market share growth within the big & tall men’s apparel market

Our ability to increase our share of the big & tall men’s apparel market is largely dependent on building and maintaining favorable brand recognition for our DXL stores and digital channels and effectively marketing our merchandise to all of our target customers in several diverse market segments so that they will become loyal shoppers who spend a greater portion of their wallet on our product offerings. In order to grow our brand recognition and our market share, we depend on the successful development of our brand through marketing and advertising in a variety of ways, including television and radio advertising, advertising events, loyalty programs, digital marketing, including social media, e-commerce and customer prospecting. Our business is directly impacted by the success of these efforts and those of our vendors. Future advertising efforts by us, our vendors or our other licensors, may be costly and, if not successful, may negatively impact our ability to meet our sales goals and to increase our market share and revenues.

Our business is seasonal and is affected by general economic conditions.

Our business is seasonal. Historically, a significant portion of our operating income has been generated during our fourth quarter (November-January). If, for any reason, we miscalculate the demand for our products during our fourth quarter, our sales in this quarter could decline, resulting in higher labor costs as a percentage of sales, lower margins and excess inventory, which could cause our annual operating results to suffer. In addition, our operations may be negatively affected by local, regional or national economic conditions, such as levels of disposable consumer income, consumer debt, interest rates and consumer confidence. Due to our seasonality, the possible adverse impact from such risks is potentially greater if any such risks occur during our fourth quarter.  

 

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Our ability to operate and expand our business and to respond to changing business and economic conditions will depend on the availability of adequate capital.

The operation of our business, the rate of our expansion and our ability to respond to changing business and economic conditions depend on the availability of adequate capital, which in turn depends on cash flow generated by our business and, if necessary, the availability of equity or debt capital. We will also need sufficient cash flow to meet our obligations under our existing debt agreements.

The amount that we are able to borrow and have outstanding under our credit facility at any given time is determined using an availability formula based on eligible assets. As a result, our ability to borrow is subject to certain risks and uncertainties, such as advance rates and the amount and quality of inventory, which could reduce the funds available to us under our credit facility.

We cannot assure you that our cash flow from operations or cash available under our credit facility will be sufficient to meet our needs. If we are unable to generate sufficient cash flows from operations in the future, we may have to obtain additional financing. If we incur additional indebtedness, that indebtedness may contain significant financial and other covenants that may significantly restrict our operations. We cannot ensure that we could obtain refinancing or additional financing on favorable terms or at all.

Our business may be adversely affected by economic and political issues abroad and changes in U.S. economic policies.

Economic and civil unrest in areas of the world where we source merchandise for our global sourcing program, as well as shipping and docking issues, could adversely impact the availability and cost of such merchandise. Disruptions in the global transportation network, such as political instability, the financial instability of our suppliers, merchandise quality issues, trade restrictions, labor and port strikes, tariffs, currency exchange rates, transport capacity and costs, inflation and other factors relating to foreign trade are beyond our control. In the event of disruptions or delays in deliveries due to economic or political conditions in foreign countries, such disruptions or delays could adversely affect our results of operations unless and until alternative supply arrangements could be made. These and other issues affecting our suppliers could adversely affect our business and financial performance.

In addition, the enactment of any new legislation in the U.S. that would impact current international trade regulations, exports or imports or tax policy with respect to foreign activities, or executive action affecting international trade agreements, including the uncertainty concerning the trading status of certain countries and/or retaliatory duties, taxes, quotas or other trade sanctions, could increase the cost of merchandise purchased from suppliers in such countries and could adversely affect our business and financial performance.

The loss of, or disruption in, our centralized distribution center could negatively impact our business and operations.

The majority of our merchandise for our stores and e-commerce operations is received into our centralized distribution center in Canton, Massachusetts, where it is then processed, sorted and shipped to our stores or directly to our customers. We depend in large part on the orderly operation of this receiving and distribution process, which depends, in turn, on adherence to shipping schedules and effective management of the distribution center. Although we believe that our receiving and distribution process is efficient and well-positioned to support our strategic plans, events beyond our control, such as disruptions in operations due to fire or other catastrophic events, employee matters or shipping problems, could result in delays in the delivery of merchandise to our stores or directly to our customers.

With all of our management information systems centralized in our corporate headquarters, any disruption or destruction of our system infrastructure could materially affect our business. This type of disaster is mitigated by our offsite storage and disaster recovery plans, but we would still incur business interruption that may impact our business for several weeks.

Although we maintain business interruption and property insurance, we cannot be sure that our insurance will be sufficient, or that insurance proceeds will be timely paid to us, in the event our distribution center is shut down for any reason or if we incur higher costs and longer lead times in connection with a disruption from our distribution center.

If we are unable to develop and implement our omni-channel initiatives successfully, our market share and financial results could be adversely affected.

Our customer’s shopping behavior continues to evolve across multiple channels and we are working to meet his needs.  While we consider ourselves an omni-channel retailer, we continue to make ongoing investments in our information technology systems to support evolving omni-channel capabilities.  

 

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Omni-channel retailing is rapidly evolving and our success depends on our ability to anticipate and implement innovations in sales and marketing technology and logistics in order to appeal to existing and potential customers who increasingly rely on multiple channels to meet their shopping needs.  In addition, our competitors are also investing in omni-channel initiatives, some of which may be more successful than our initiatives.

If the investment in our omni-channel initiatives is not successful, our systems are unable to support such initiatives, or if our competitors are more successful, our financial results and our market penetration may be adversely affected.

Our direct business is a significant component of our growth strategy, and the failure to develop our e-commerce and internet infrastructure could disrupt our business and negatively impact our sales.

We continue to have increasing levels of sales made through on-line shopping and via mobile devices.  We have made significant investments in capital spending and labor to develop these channels and invested in digital media to attract new customers. Growth of our overall sales is dependent on customers continuing to expand their on-line purchases in addition to in-store purchases. We cannot accurately predict the rate at which online purchases will expand.  

Our success in growing our e-commerce activities will depend in part upon our development of an increasingly sophisticated e-commerce experience and infrastructure. Increasing customer sophistication requires that we provide additional website features and functionality, in order to be competitive in the marketplace and maintain market share. We continually update our website features, but we cannot predict future trends and required functionality or our adoption rate for customer preferences.  In addition, we are vulnerable to additional risks and uncertainties associated with e-commerce sales, including security breaches, cyber-attacks, consumer privacy concerns, changes in state tax regimes and government regulation of internet activities. Our failure to respond to these risks and uncertainties successfully could reduce our e-commerce sales, increase our costs and diminish our growth prospects, which could negatively impact our operating results.

Our business may be adversely affected by the failure to identify suitable store locations and acceptable lease terms.  In addition, some of our new stores may open in locations close enough to our existing stores to negatively impact sales at those locations.

We currently lease all of our store locations. Identifying and securing suitable store locations at acceptable lease terms is critical to our store growth.  We generally have been able to negotiate acceptable lease rates and extensions, as needed.  However, we cannot be certain that desirable locations at acceptable lease rates and preferred lease terms will continue to be available.  Once we decide on a prospective new store or new market and find a suitable location, any delays in opening new stores could impact our financial results. In addition, if we need to pay higher occupancy costs in the future to secure ideal locations, the increased cost may adversely impact our financial performance and liquidity. Recent trends toward increased landlord consolidation could also negatively affect our ability to obtain and retain locations.  

As we open additional locations in existing markets, some new stores may open in locations close enough to our existing stores to impact sales and profitability at the store level, which may also adversely affect our profitability.

Our business is highly competitive, and competitive factors may reduce our revenues and profit margins.

The United States big & tall men’s apparel market is highly competitive with many national and regional department stores, mass merchandisers, specialty apparel retailers, discount stores and online retailers offering a broad range of apparel products similar to the products that we sell. Besides retail competitors, we consider any manufacturer of big & tall men’s merchandise operating in outlet malls throughout the United States to be a competitor. It is also possible that another competitor, either a mass merchant or a men’s specialty store or specialty apparel catalog, could gain market share in big & tall men’s apparel due to more favorable pricing, locations, brand and fashion assortment and size availability. Many of our competitors and potential competitors may have substantially greater financial, manufacturing and marketing resources than we do.

The presence in the marketplace of various fashion trends and the limited availability of shelf space also can affect competition. We may not be able to compete successfully with our competitors in the future and could lose brand recognition and market share. A significant loss of market share would adversely affect our revenues and results of operations.

In addition, we maintain exclusivity arrangements with several of the brands that we carry.  If we were to lose any of these exclusivity arrangements or brands altogether, our revenues may be adversely affected.

 

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If our long-lived assets become impaired, we may need to record significant non-cash impairment charges.

Periodically, we review our long-lived assets for impairment whenever economic events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of an asset may not be recoverable. Specifically, if an individual store location is unable to generate sufficient future cash flows, we may be required to record a partial or full impairment of that store’s assets.  In addition, significant negative industry or general economic trends, disruptions to our business and unexpected significant changes or planned changes in our use of the assets (such as store relocations or closures) may also result in impairment charges. Any such impairment charges, if significant, could adversely affect our financial position and results of operations.

We may not be successful expanding our business internationally.

Our future growth strategy includes plans to open stores internationally, most likely using a franchise and licensing model.  Customer demand, as well as a lack of familiarity with our brands, may differ internationally, and as a result, we may have difficulty attracting customers and growing brand awareness.  In addition, our ability to conduct business internationally may be adversely impacted by political and economic risks.  Our failure to expand internationally may limit our future growth opportunities.  

We also have risks related to identifying suitable franchisees. Our franchise arrangements will limit our direct control, such as the ability of these third parties to meet their projections regarding store openings and sales, as well as their compliance with applicable laws and regulations.  As such, we cannot ensure our profitability or success in international markets.   In addition, the failure of these third parties to operate the stores in a manner consistent with our standards may adversely affect our brands and reputation.

We are dependent on third parties for the manufacture of the merchandise we sell.

We do not own or operate any manufacturing facilities and are therefore entirely dependent on third parties to manufacture the merchandise we sell. Without adequate supplies of merchandise to sell to our customers in the merchandise styles and fashions demanded by our particular customer base, sales would decrease materially and our business would suffer. We are dependent on these third parties’ ability to fulfill our merchandise orders and meet our delivery terms. In the event that manufacturers are unable or unwilling to ship products to us in a timely manner or continue to manufacture products for us, we would have to rely on other current manufacturing sources or identify and qualify new manufacturers. We might not be able to identify or qualify such manufacturers for existing or new products in a timely manner and such manufacturers might not allocate sufficient capacity to us in order to meet our requirements. Our inability to secure adequate and timely supplies of private label merchandise would negatively impact proper inventory levels, sales and gross margin rates, and ultimately our results of operations.

In addition, even if our current manufacturers continue to manufacture our products, they may not maintain adequate controls with respect to product specifications and quality and may not continue to produce products that are consistent with our standards. If we are forced to rely on manufacturers who produce products of inferior quality, then our brand recognition and customer satisfaction would likely suffer. These manufacturers may also increase the cost to us of the products we purchase from them.

A significant portion of our merchandise is imported directly from other countries, and U.S. domestic suppliers who source their goods from other countries supply most of our remaining merchandise. If the U.S. Government imposes significant tariffs or other restrictions on foreign imports, we may need to increase our prices which could adversely affect our revenues and merchandise margins.

Furthermore, in the event that commercial transportation is curtailed or substantially delayed, we may not be able to maintain adequate inventory levels of important merchandise on a consistent basis, which would negatively impact our sales and potentially erode the confidence of our customer base, leading to further loss of sales and an adverse impact on our results of operations.

Fluctuations in the price, availability and quality of raw materials and finished goods could increase costs.

Fluctuations in the price, availability and quality of fabrics or other raw materials used in the manufacturing of our merchandise could have a material adverse effect on our gross margin or on our ability to meet our customers’ demands. The prices for fabrics depend on demand and market prices for the raw materials used to produce them. To the extent that we cannot offset these cost increases with other cost reductions or efficiencies, such higher costs will need to be passed on to our customers. Such increased costs could lead to reduced customer demand, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and cash flow.

 

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Our success depends significantly on our key personnel and our ability to attract and retain additional personnel.

Our future success is dependent on the personal efforts, performance and abilities of our key management which includes our executive officer as well as several significant members of our senior management. The loss of any of our senior management may result in a loss of organizational focus, poor operating execution, an inability to identify and execute strategic initiatives, an impairment in our ability to identify new store locations, and an inability to consummate possible acquisitions. As disclosed, subsequent to the end of fiscal 2017, on March 23, 2018, David Levin announced that he is planning to retire as President and Chief Executive Officer and as a director of the Company by the end of 2018. Mr. Levin is also prepared to provide transition support and assist on requested projects following his retirement as CEO. The Board of Directors has initiated a search process to identify a successor for Mr. Levin and will review both external and internal candidates. See Note K, Subsequent Event, to the Consolidated Financial Statements for more information.

The competition is intense for the type of highly skilled individuals with relevant industry experience that we require and we may not be able to attract and retain new employees of the caliber needed to achieve our objectives.

Our business may be negatively impacted and we may be liable if third parties misappropriate proprietary information of our customers and breach our security systems.

We may be harmed by security risks we face in connection with our electronic processing and transmission of confidential customer information. During fiscal 2017, approximately 85% of our sales were settled through credit and debit card transactions. While our Board of Directors approved the formation of the Cybersecurity and Data Privacy Committee to oversee the monitoring and management of cyber risk and data privacy for our Company, and we have not had any security breaches to date, any breach could expose us to risks of loss, litigation and liability and could adversely affect our operations as well as cause our shoppers to stop shopping with us as a result of their lack of confidence in the security of their personally identifiable information, which could have a negative impact on our sales and profitability. Like many retailers, we have seen an increase in cyberattack attempts, predominantly through phishing and social engineering scams, and in particular, ransomware. While none of these attempts have been successful, there can be no assurance that our continued security measures will be effective or sufficient in the future.  If third parties are able to penetrate our network security or otherwise misappropriate the personal information or credit card information of our customers or if third parties gain unauthorized and improper access to such information, we could be subject to liability. These liabilities could include claims for unauthorized purchases with credit card information, impersonation or other similar fraud claims, or claims for other misuses of personal information, including unauthorized marketing purposes, and could ultimately result in litigation. Liability for misappropriation of this information could be significant.

Further, if a third party were to use this proprietary customer information in order to compete with us, it could have a material adverse impact on our business and could result in litigation.

We may be unable to predict fashion trends and customer preferences successfully.

Customer tastes and fashion trends are volatile and tend to change rapidly. Our success depends in large part upon our ability to predict effectively and respond to changing fashion tastes and consumer demands and to translate market trends to appropriate saleable product offerings. If we are unable to predict or respond to changing styles or trends successfully and misjudge the market for products or any new product lines, our sales will be impacted and we may be faced with a substantial amount of unsold inventory or missed opportunities. In response, we may be forced to rely on additional markdowns or promotional sales to dispose of excess, slow-moving inventory, which would decrease our revenues and margins. In addition, the failure to satisfy consumer demand, specifically in our DXL stores and websites, could have serious longer-term consequences, such as an adverse impact on our brand value and the loss of market share to our competitors.

The loss of any of our key trademarks or licenses could adversely affect demand for our products.

We own and use a number of trademarks and operate under several trademark license agreements. We believe that certain of these trademarks have significant value and are instrumental in our ability to create and sustain demand for and to market our products. We cannot be certain that these trademarks and licensing agreements will remain in effect and enforceable or that any license agreements, upon expiration, can be renewed on acceptable terms or at all. In addition, any future disputes concerning these trademarks and licenses may cause us to incur significant litigation costs or force us to suspend use of the disputed trademarks.

 

16


 

Acts of terrorism or a catastrophic event could negatively impact our operating results and financial condition.

Unforeseen events, including war, terrorism and other international conflicts, public health issues, and natural disasters such as earthquakes, hurricanes or other adverse weather and climate conditions, whether occurring in the U.S. or abroad, could disrupt our operations, or the operations of our vendors and other suppliers, or result in political or economic instability.

The continued threat of terrorism and heightened security measures in response to an act of terrorism may disrupt commerce and undermine consumer confidence which could negatively impact our sales by causing consumer spending to decline. Furthermore, an act of terrorism or war, or the threat thereof, could negatively impact our business by interfering with our ability to obtain merchandise from vendors or substitute suppliers at similar costs in a timely manner.

Our business depends on our ability to meet our labor needs.

 

Our success depends in part upon our ability to attract, motivate and retain a sufficient number of qualified employees, including store managers and sales associates, who understand and appreciate our product offerings and are able to represent our products to our customers adequately. Qualified individuals of the requisite caliber and number needed to fill these positions may be in short supply in some areas, and the turnover rate in the retail industry is high. If we are unable to hire and retain sales associates capable of consistently providing a high level of customer service, our business could be materially adversely affected. Although none of our employees is currently covered by collective bargaining agreements, our employees may elect to be represented by labor unions in the future, which could increase our labor costs. Additionally, competition for qualified employees could require us to pay higher wages to attract a sufficient number of adequate employees. An inability to recruit and retain a sufficient number of qualified individuals in the future may delay the planned openings of new stores or outlets. Any such delays, any material increases in employee turnover rates at existing stores or outlets or any increases in labor costs could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or operating results.

Failure to comply with laws, rules and regulations could negatively affect our business operations and financial performance.

Our business is subject to federal, state, local and international laws, rules and regulations, such as state and local wage and hour laws, the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (“ERISA”), securities laws, import and export laws (including customs regulations), privacy and information security regulations, unclaimed property laws, the Affordable Care Act and many others. The effect of some of these laws and regulations may be to increase the cost of doing business and may have a material impact on our earnings. In addition, the complexity of the regulatory environment in which we operate and the related cost of compliance are both increasing due to legal and regulatory requirements and increased enforcement. In addition, as a result of operating in the U.K., we must comply with that country’s laws and regulations, which may differ substantially from, and may conflict with, corresponding U.S. laws and regulations. We may also be subject to investigations or audits by governmental authorities and regulatory agencies, which can occur in the ordinary course of business or which can result from increased scrutiny from a particular agency towards an industry, country or practice. If we fail to comply with laws, rules and regulations or the manner in which they are interpreted or applied, we may be subject to government enforcement action, class action litigation or other litigation, damage to our reputation, civil and criminal liability, damages, fines and penalties, and increased cost of regulatory compliance, any of which could adversely affect our results of operations and financial performance.

Risks Related to Our Corporate Structure and Stock

Our stock price has been and may continue to be extremely volatile due to many factors.

The market price of our common stock has fluctuated in the past and may increase or decrease rapidly in the future depending on news announcements and changes in general market conditions. The following factors, among others, may cause significant fluctuations in our stock price:

 

overall changes in the economy and general market volatility;

 

news announcements regarding our quarterly or annual results of operations;

 

quarterly comparable sales;

 

acquisitions;

 

competitive developments;

 

litigation affecting us; or

 

market views as to the prospects of the retail industry generally.

 

17


 

Rights of our stockholders may be negatively affected if we issue any of the shares of preferred stock which our Board of Directors has authorized for issuance.

We have available for issuance up to 1,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share. Our Board of Directors is authorized to issue any or all of these shares of preferred stock, in one or more series, without any further action on the part of stockholders. The rights of our stockholders may be negatively affected if we issue a series of preferred stock in the future that has preference over our common stock with respect to the payment of dividends or distribution upon our liquidation, dissolution or winding up.

In addition, the issuance of preferred stock by our Board of Directors pursuant to our certificate of incorporation, as amended, could have the effect of making it more difficult for a third party to acquire, or of discouraging a third party from acquiring, a majority of the outstanding voting stock of our Company.

Our certificate of incorporation, as amended, limits transfers of our common stock and may, along with state law, inhibit potential acquisition bids that could be beneficial to our stockholders.

Our certificate of incorporation, as amended, contains provisions that restrict any person or entity from attempting to transfer our stock, without prior permission from the Board of Directors, to the extent that such transfer would (i) create or result in an individual or entity becoming a five-percent shareholder of our stock, or (ii) increase the stock ownership percentage of any existing five-percent shareholder. These provisions provide that any transfer that violates such provisions shall be null and void and would require the purported transferee to, upon demand by us, transfer the shares that exceed the five percent limit to an agent designated by us for the purpose of conducting a sale of such excess shares. These provisions would make the acquisition of our Company more expensive to the acquirer and could significantly delay, discourage, or prevent third parties from acquiring our Company without the approval of our Board of Directors.

In addition, we are subject to certain provisions of Delaware law, which could also delay or make more difficult a merger, tender offer or proxy contest involving us. In particular, Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law prohibits a Delaware corporation from engaging in certain business combinations with any interested stockholder for a period of three years unless specific conditions are met. In addition, certain provisions of Delaware law could have the effect of delaying, deferring or preventing a change in control of us, including, without limitation, discouraging a proxy contest or making more difficult the acquisition of a substantial block of our common stock. The provisions could also limit the price that investors might be willing to pay in the future for shares of our common stock.

 

 

 

18


 

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

None.

 

 

Item 2. Properties

Our corporate offices and retail distribution center are located at 555 Turnpike Street in Canton, Massachusetts. The property consists of a 755,992 gross square foot building located on approximately 27.3 acres. We owned the property until January 30, 2006, at which time we entered into a sale-leaseback transaction with Spirit Finance Corporation, a third-party real estate investment trust (“Spirit”), whereby we entered into a twenty-year lease agreement with a wholly-owned subsidiary of Spirit for an initial annual rent payment of $4.6 million, with periodic increases every fifth anniversary of the lease. In fiscal 2006, we realized a gain of approximately $29.3 million on the sale of this property, which was deferred and is being amortized over the initial 20 years of the related lease agreement. Accordingly, our current annual rent expense of $5.2 million is offset by $1.5 million related to the amortization of this deferred gain.

As of February 3, 2018, we operated 212 Destination XL retail stores, 14 Destination XL outlet stores, 78 Casual Male XL retail stores, 33 Casual Male XL outlet stores and 5 Rochester Clothing stores. All of these stores are leased by us directly from owners of several different types of centers, including life-style centers, shopping centers, free standing buildings, outlet centers and downtown locations. The store leases are generally 5 to 10 years in length and contain renewal options extending their terms by between 5 and 10 years. Following this discussion is a listing by state of all store locations open at February 3, 2018.

Sites for new stores are selected on the basis of several factors, including the demographic profile of the area in which the site is located, the types of stores and other retailers in the area, the location of the store within the center and the attractiveness of the store layout. We also utilize financial models to project the profitability of each location using assumptions such as the center’s sales per square foot averages, estimated occupancy costs and return on investment requirements.

See also “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation—Liquidity and Capital Resources—Capital Expenditures.”

 

 

 

19


 

Store count by state at February 3, 2018

 

United States

 

DXL retail and

DXL outlets

 

 

Casual Male XL

and Rochester

Clothing stores

 

Alabama

 

2

 

 

2

 

Arizona

 

5

 

 

1

 

Arkansas

 

 

 

 

2

 

California

 

25

 

 

12

 

Colorado

 

3

 

 

2

 

Connecticut

 

4

 

 

2

 

Delaware

 

2

 

 

 

 

District of Columbia

 

 

 

 

1

 

Florida

 

11

 

 

10

 

Georgia

 

3

 

 

4

 

Idaho

 

1

 

 

 

 

Illinois

 

12

 

 

4

 

Indiana

 

6

 

 

3

 

Iowa

 

2

 

 

2

 

Kansas

 

3

 

 

 

 

Kentucky

 

3

 

 

 

 

Louisiana

 

3

 

 

1

 

Maine

 

2

 

 

 

 

Maryland

 

5

 

 

5

 

Massachusetts

 

5

 

 

2

 

Michigan

 

13

 

 

2

 

Minnesota

 

2

 

 

2

 

Mississippi

 

 

 

 

2

 

Missouri

 

4

 

 

5

 

Montana

 

1

 

 

 

 

Nebraska

 

2

 

 

 

 

Nevada

 

3

 

 

 

 

New Hampshire

 

3

 

 

 

 

New Jersey

 

7

 

 

7

 

New Mexico

 

1

 

 

 

 

New York

 

14

 

 

9

 

North Carolina

 

4

 

 

4

 

North Dakota

 

 

 

 

1

 

Ohio

 

8

 

 

3

 

Oklahoma

 

2

 

 

 

 

Oregon

 

2

 

 

1

 

Pennsylvania

 

9

 

 

13

 

Rhode Island

 

1

 

 

 

 

South Carolina

 

4

 

 

 

 

South Dakota

 

1

 

 

 

 

Tennessee

 

7

 

 

1

 

Texas

 

22

 

 

6

 

Utah

 

2

 

 

 

 

Vermont

 

1

 

 

 

 

Virginia

 

5

 

 

3

 

Washington

 

4

 

 

1

 

West Virginia

 

 

 

 

1

 

Wisconsin

 

5

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

International

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Toronto, Canada

 

2

 

 

 

 

London, England

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

20


 

 

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

From time to time, we are subject to various legal proceedings and claims that arise in the ordinary course of business. Management believes that the resolution of these matters will not have a material adverse impact on our future results of operations or financial position.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosure

Not applicable.

 

 

 

 

21


 

PART II.

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Market Information

Our common stock is listed for trading on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol “DXLG”.

The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, the high and low per share sales prices for the common stock, as reported on Nasdaq.

 

 

 

High

 

 

Low

 

Fiscal Year Ended February 3, 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

First Quarter

 

$

3.70

 

 

$

2.10

 

Second Quarter

 

 

2.75

 

 

 

1.70

 

Third Quarter

 

 

2.15

 

 

 

1.46

 

Fourth Quarter

 

 

2.70

 

 

 

1.80

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fiscal Year Ended January 28, 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

First Quarter

 

$

5.88

 

 

$

3.95

 

Second Quarter

 

 

5.54

 

 

 

4.05

 

Third Quarter

 

 

5.57

 

 

 

3.95

 

Fourth Quarter

 

 

5.00

 

 

 

3.15

 

Holders

As of March 16, 2018, based upon data provided by the transfer agent for our common stock, there were approximately 87 holders of record of our common stock. The number of holders does not include individuals or entities who beneficially own shares but whose shares are held of record by a broker or clearing agent.

Dividends

We have not paid and do not anticipate paying cash dividends on our common stock. In addition, financial covenants in our loan agreement may restrict dividend payments. For a description of these financial covenants see Note C to the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

On March 17, 2017, the Company’s Board of Directors approved a stock repurchase plan. Under the stock repurchase plan, the Company could purchase up to $12.0 million of its common stock through open market and privately negotiated transactions during fiscal 2017.  Through February 3, 2018, the Company purchased 1,878,434 shares of common stock at an average price of $2.49 per share.  There were no stock repurchases during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2017 and the Board-approved stock repurchase plan expired at the end of the fiscal year on February 3, 2018.

 

 

22


 

Stock Performance Graph

The following Performance Graph compares our cumulative stockholder return with a broad market index (Standard & Poor’s 500) and one published industry index (Dow Jones U.S. Apparel Retailers) for each of the most recent five years ended January 31. The cumulative stockholder return for shares of our common stock (“DXLG”) and each of the indices is calculated assuming that $100 was invested on January 31, 2013. We paid no cash dividends during the periods shown. The performance of the indices is shown on a total return (dividends reinvested) basis. The graph lines merely connect January 31 of each year and do not reflect fluctuations between those dates. In addition, we have included a chart of the annual percentage return of our common stock, the S&P 500 and the Dow Jones U.S. Apparel Retailers.

 

Annual Return Percentage

 

 

 

Year ended

 

Company/Index

 

 

 

Jan 14

 

 

Jan 15

 

 

Jan 16

 

 

Jan 17

 

 

Jan 18

 

DXLG

 

 

17.0

%

 

 

(5.6

%)

 

 

(15.4

%)

 

 

(23.3

%)

 

 

(21.8

%)

S&P 500

 

 

19.0

%

 

 

11.9

%

 

 

(2.7

%)

 

 

18.3

%

 

 

20.4

%

Dow Jones U.S. Apparel Retailers

 

 

12.1

%

 

 

19.3

%

 

 

(2.9

%)

 

 

(4.5

%)

 

 

9.4

%

 

Indexed Returns

 

 

 

Base Period

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jan 13

 

 

Jan 14

 

 

Jan 15

 

 

Jan 16

 

 

Jan 17

 

 

Jan 18

 

Company/Index

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DXLG

 

$

100

 

 

$

116.96

 

 

$

110.43

 

 

$

93.48

 

 

$

71.74

 

 

$

56.09

 

S&P 500

 

$

100

 

 

$

118.99

 

 

$

133.17

 

 

$

129.51

 

 

$

153.17

 

 

$

184.37

 

Dow Jones U.S. Apparel Retailers

 

$

100

 

 

$

112.12

 

 

$

133.75

 

 

$

129.93

 

 

$

124.06

 

 

$

135.74

 

 

The performance graph above shall not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), or otherwise subject to the liability of that section. This graph will not be deemed incorporated by reference into any filing under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Exchange Act, whether made before or after the date hereof, regardless of any general incorporation language in such filing.

 

 

 

 

23


 

Item 6. Selected Financial Data

The following tables set forth selected consolidated financial data of our Company as of and for each of the years in the five-year period ended February 3, 2018 and should be read in conjunction with “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and our accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto.

We derived the selected financial data presented below for the periods or dates indicated from our consolidated financial statements. Our consolidated financial statements as of and for the five-year period ended February 3, 2018 were audited by KPMG LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm. Our consolidated financial statements as of and for the years ended February 3, 2018, January 28, 2017 and January 30, 2016 are included in this Annual Report.

For a discussion of certain factors that materially affect the comparability of the selected consolidated financial data or cause the data reflected herein not to be indicative of our future results of operations or financial condition, see Item 1A, “Risk Factors” and Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”  

 

 

 

Fiscal Years Ended (1)

 

 

 

 

February

3, 2018

(Fiscal 2017)

 

 

January

28, 2017

(Fiscal 2016)

 

 

January

30, 2016

(Fiscal 2015)

 

 

January

31, 2015

(Fiscal 2014)

 

 

February

1, 2014

(Fiscal 2013)

 

 

 

 

(In millions, except per share and operating data)

 

 

INCOME STATEMENT DATA:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sales

 

$

468.0

 

 

$

450.3

 

 

$

442.2

 

 

$

414.0

 

 

$

386.5

 

 

Gross profit, net of occupancy costs

 

 

210.4

 

 

 

204.9

 

 

 

203.8

 

 

 

190.0

 

 

 

176.4

 

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

 

193.2

 

 

 

173.3

 

 

 

180.6

 

 

 

174.8

 

 

 

169.1

 

 

Impairment of assets (2)

 

 

4.1

 

 

 

0.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

0.3

 

 

 

1.5

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

31.1

 

 

 

30.2

 

 

 

28.4

 

 

 

23.7

 

 

 

19.3

 

 

Operating income (loss)

 

 

(18.0

)

 

 

1.0

 

 

 

(5.1

)

 

 

(8.8

)

 

 

(13.5

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Provision (benefit) for income taxes

 

 

(2.6

)

(5)

 

0.2

 

 

 

0.3

 

 

 

0.2

 

 

 

45.7

 

(5)

Loss from continuing operations

 

$

(18.8

)

 

$

(2.3

)

 

$

(8.4

)

 

$

(11.2

)

 

$

(60.3

)

 

Income (loss) from discontinued operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1.1

)

 

 

0.5

 

 

Net income (loss)

 

$

(18.8

)

 

$

(2.3

)

 

$

(8.4

)

 

$

(12.3

)

 

$

(59.8

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income (loss) from continuing operations per share - diluted

 

$

(0.39

)

 

$

(0.05

)

 

$

(0.17

)

 

$

(0.23

)

 

$

(1.24

)

 

Net income (loss) per share - diluted

 

$

(0.39

)

 

$

(0.05

)

 

$

(0.17

)

 

$

(0.25

)

 

$

(1.23

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BALANCE SHEET DATA:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Working capital(3)

 

$

11.9

 

 

$

23.3

 

 

$

28.1

 

 

$

42.8

 

 

$

50.6

 

 

Inventories

 

 

103.3

 

 

 

117.4

 

 

 

125.0

 

 

 

115.2

 

 

 

105.6

 

 

Property and equipment, net

 

 

111.0

 

 

 

124.3

 

 

 

125.0

 

 

 

120.3

 

 

 

102.9

 

 

Total assets(3)

 

 

240.4

 

 

 

269.3

 

 

 

274.3

 

 

 

259.9

 

 

 

236.7

 

 

Long term debt, net of current portion(3)

 

 

10.7

 

 

 

12.1

 

 

 

19.0

 

 

 

26.2

 

 

 

12.0

 

 

Stockholders’ equity

 

 

70.0

 

 

 

88.5

 

 

 

88.4

 

 

 

92.4

 

 

 

105.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

OTHER DATA:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flow provided by operating activities

 

$

31.0

 

 

$

35.0

 

 

$

18.4

 

 

$

13.8

 

 

$

24.9

 

 

less: capital expenditures, infrastructure projects

 

 

(9.7

)

 

 

(9.6

)

 

 

(13.3

)

 

 

(10.5

)

 

 

(10.0

)

 

less: capital expenditures for DXL stores

 

 

(12.9

)

 

 

(19.6

)

 

 

(20.1

)

 

 

(30.4

)

 

 

(44.1

)

 

Free cash flow (Non-GAAP measure)(4)

 

$

8.4

 

 

$

5.8

 

 

$

(15.0

)

 

$

(27.1

)

 

$

(29.2

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

OPERATING DATA:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comparable sales percentage

 

 

0.9

%

 

 

0.6

%

 

 

4.8

%

 

 

6.4

%

 

 

3.0

%

 

Gross profit margins

 

 

45.0

%

 

 

45.5

%

 

 

46.1

%

 

 

45.9

%

 

 

45.6

%

 

EBITDA (Non-GAAP measure)(4)

 

$

13.0

 

 

$

31.2

 

 

$

23.3

 

 

$

14.9

 

 

$

5.8

 

 

EBITDA, adjusted for impairment of assets ("Adjusted EBITDA") (Non-GAAP measure)(4)

 

$

17.1

 

 

$

31.6

 

 

$

23.3

 

 

$

15.2

 

 

$

7.3

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA margin (Non-GAAP measure) (4)

 

 

3.7

%

 

 

7.0

%

 

 

5.3

%

 

 

3.7

%

 

 

1.9

%

 

Operating margin

 

 

(3.9

%)

 

 

0.2

%

 

 

(1.2

%)

 

 

(2.1

%)

 

 

(3.5

%)

 

Number of stores open at fiscal year end

 

 

342

 

 

 

343

 

 

 

345

 

 

 

353

 

 

 

359

 

 

 

 

24


 

(1)

Our fiscal year is a 52- or 53- week period ending on the Saturday closest to January 31. Fiscal 2017 was a 53-week period, all other fiscal years were 52-weeks. Certain columns may not foot due to rounding.

(2)

The impairment charges relate to the write-down of property and equipment, related to stores where the carrying value exceeds fair value. Fiscal 2017 also includes the write-off of $1.9 million for technology projects which were abandoned in fiscal 2017.  See Note A to the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

(3)

In fiscal 2015, we elected early adoption of ASU 2015-03, “Interest-Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30), Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs.”  The guidance simplifies the presentation of debt issuance costs to be presented as a deduction from the corresponding liability.  Accordingly, selected balance sheet data for fiscal 2014 and fiscal 2013 have been adjusted to conform to the current presentation.  

(4)

“EBITDA,” “Adjusted EBITDA,” “Adjusted EBITDA margin” and “Free cash flow” are non-GAAP measures.  See “Non-GAAP Reconciliations” in Item 7. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis” for information on these non-GAAP measures and reconciliations to comparable GAAP measures, with the exception of Adjusted EBITDA margin, which is calculated by taking Adjusted EBITDA and dividing it by Sales.

(5)

In the fourth quarter of fiscal 2013, we recorded a non-cash charge of $51.3 million to establish a full valuation allowance against our deferred tax assets. In the fourth quarter of fiscal 2017, as a result of the elimination of the corporate alternative minimum (“AMT”) tax and the ability to receive a refund for our AMT credit, we recognized an income tax benefit of $2.1 million, associated with reversing the corresponding valuation allowance against this asset. See Note D to the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 

 

 

25


 

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS

As noted above in Part 1, this Annual Report, including, without limitation, this Item 7, contains “forward-looking statements,” including forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Actual results or developments could differ materially from those projected in such statements as a result of numerous factors, including, without limitation those risks and uncertainties set forth in Item 1A, Risk Factors, which you are encouraged to read. The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in light of those risks and uncertainties and in conjunction with our accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto.

Certain figures discussed below may not foot due to rounding.

Segment Reporting

We report our operations as one reportable segment, Big & Tall Men’s Apparel.  We consider our retail and direct businesses, especially in our growing omni-channel environment, to be similar in terms of economic characteristics, production processes and operations, and have therefore aggregated them into a single reporting segment.

Comparable Sales Definition

The Company’s 2017 fiscal year included 53 weeks compared with 52 weeks in fiscal 2016. Accordingly, year-over-year comparisons of total sales for the fourth quarter and full year are affected by an extra week of sales in fiscal 2017. However, for comparable sales, the Company is reporting on a comparable weeks basis (e.g. the 14 and 53 weeks ended February 3, 2018 compared with the 14 and 53 weeks ended February 4, 2017, respectively).

Total comparable sales include our retail stores that have been open for at least 13 months and our direct business.  Stores that have been remodeled or re-located during the period are also included in our determination of comparable sales. Stores that have been expanded by more than 25% are considered non-comparable for the first 13 months.  If a store becomes a clearance center, it is also removed from the calculation of comparable sales.  The method of calculating comparable sales varies across the retail industry and, as a result, our calculation of comparable sales is not necessarily comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other retailers.  

Our customer’s shopping experience continues to evolve across multiple channels and we are continually changing to meet his needs.  Since fiscal 2014 the majority of our retail stores have the capability of fulfilling online orders if merchandise is not available in the warehouse.  As a result, we continue to see more transactions that begin online but are ultimately completed at the store level.  Similarly, if a customer visits a store and the item is out of stock, the associate can order the item through our website.  A customer also has the ability to order online and pick-up in a store.  Because this omni-channel approach to retailing is changing the boundaries of where a sale originates and where a sale is ultimately settled, we do not report comparable sales separately for our retail and direct businesses.  However, as we invest in building our e-commerce platform, bringing a heightened digital focus to our Company, additional disclosure on our e-commerce growth as it relates to our current initiatives is important.  Beginning in the second quarter of fiscal 2017, we define store sales as sales that originate and are fulfilled directly at the store level.  E-commerce sales are defined as sales that originate online, including those initiated online at the store level.  This reclassification on how we define a store sale from an e-commerce sale had no effect on our previous disclosure of total Company comparable sales or how we report them.    

Non-GAAP Measures

We monitor certain non-GAAP financial measures on a regular basis in order to track the progress of our business. These measures include adjusted net loss, adjusted net loss per diluted share, free cash flow, EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA.  We believe these measures provide helpful information with respect to the Company’s operating performance and that the inclusion of these non-GAAP measures is important to assist investors in comparing our performance in fiscal 2017 to fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015.  We also provide certain forward-looking information with respect to certain of these non-GAAP financial measures. However, these measures may not be comparable to similar measures used by other companies and should not be considered superior to or as a substitute for net loss, loss from continuing operations, net loss per diluted share or cash flows from operating activities in accordance with GAAP.  See “Non-GAAP Reconciliations” below for additional information on these non-GAAP financial measures and reconciliations to comparable GAAP measures.

 

26


 

EXECUTIVE OVERVIEW

 

(in millions, except for per share data)

 

Fiscal 2017

 

 

Fiscal 2016

 

 

Fiscal 2015

 

Net loss

 

$

(18.8

)

 

$

(2.3

)

 

$

(8.4

)

Adjusted net loss (1)

 

$

(12.8

)

 

$

(1.3

)

 

$

(6.0

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted loss per share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(0.39

)

 

$

(0.05

)

 

$

(0.17

)

Adjusted net loss

 

$

(0.26

)

 

$

(0.03

)

 

$

(0.12

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Impairment charges

 

$

4.1

 

 

$

0.4

 

 

$

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EBITDA

 

$

13.0

 

 

$

31.2

 

 

$

23.3

 

Adjusted EBITDA (1)

 

$

17.1

 

 

$

31.6

 

 

$

23.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flow from operating activities

 

$

31.0

 

 

$

35.0

 

 

$

18.4

 

Free cash flow

 

$

8.4

 

 

$

5.8

 

 

$

(15.0

)

(1)

Adjusted net loss and adjusted EBITDA exclude impairment charges.  Adjusted net loss, for all periods, assumes a normalized tax benefit of 26%. See “Non-GAAP Reconciliations” below.

 

In fiscal 2017, we focused on key initiatives aimed towards growing our digital presence and strengthening our brand awareness in an effort to drive traffic to both our stores and website.  We incurred a significant increase in marketing spend, which consisted of an integrated social, digital and media marketing campaign as well as enhancements to our website to fuel these initiatives.

Our comparable sales through the first three quarters of fiscal 2017 were down (0.5%) to the prior year.  In the fourth quarter of fiscal 2017, we started to see an improvement in store traffic that resulted in a fourth quarter comparable sales increase of 4.3%, resulting in a full year comparable increase of 0.9%.  Our sales productivity metrics were consistent throughout fiscal 2017, with dollars per transactions, units per transaction and conversion rates all up over fiscal 2016.

Our Holiday campaign showcased several celebrities with his own sense of #XLstyle. Our brand awareness, which was 34% at the end of fiscal 2016, and 38% before the Holiday campaign, increased to an all-time high of 42% after the campaign.  While we were pleased with this increase in awareness, the campaign did not drive store traffic to the extent we expected.  While the campaign drove significant traffic to our website, conversion was down.  As we head into fiscal 2018, we plan to tailor our 2018 marketing initiatives to better connect with our customer on a more personal and emotional level, highlighting our stores, exclusive brands, fit and quality.

Sales from our direct business increased to 21.0% of our total sales in fiscal 2017 as compared to 19.9% in fiscal 2016.   During fiscal 2017, we made a number of foundational changes to our website in an effort to streamline and simplify the shopping experience for our customers. We are also taking a “mobile-first” mindset with respect to how we engage with our customers as the retail industry as a whole is seeing an increase in mobile engagement.  Beyond our own e-commerce site, we are also growing our business with third-party marketplaces, working with companies such as Amazon to broaden our brand reach.  We have been pleased with the progress we have seen and expect this will continue to be an area of growth as we head into fiscal 2018.

For fiscal 2017, we had a net loss of $(18.8) million, or $(0.39) per diluted share, compared with a net loss of $(2.3) million, or $(0.05) per diluted share in fiscal 2016.  The decrease of $(0.34) per diluted share, was primarily due to an increase of $11.3 million, or $(0.23) per diluted share, in marketing and $3.7 million, or $(0.08) per diluted share of impairment charges.  Similarly, adjusted EBITDA decreased $14.5 million to $17.1 million, compared to $31.6 million in fiscal 2016, primarily due to the increase in marketing costs of $11.3 million.  

We continued to make significant improvements in our inventory optimization project which resulted in inventory levels decreasing by $14.1 million at February 3, 2018 as compared January 28, 2017.  We are improving inventory receipt flow and procurement, tightening controls over the number of weeks of supply and refining our in-stock positions by sku level.

Capital expenditures decreased slightly in fiscal 2017 compared to fiscal 2016 due to fewer store openings, at a lower average square footage.  During fiscal 2017, we opened 20 DXL retail stores and 1 DXL outlet stores.  In addition, we closed 19 Casual Male XL retail stores and 3 Casual Male XL outlet stores.

 

27


 

In the first half of fiscal 2017, we repurchased approximately 1.9 million shares of our common stock at a total cost of approximately $4.7 million. Our stock repurchase plan, discussed more fully below under “Liquidity and Capital Resources,” ended on February 3, 2018.  After accounting for our increased investment in marketing, repurchases under our stock repurchase program, inventory efficiency savings, and the reduction in capital expenditures, we were able to generate $8.4 million of free cash flow compared to $5.8 million at the end of fiscal 2016.  The net cash flow enabled us to reduce our total debt by $3.7 million as compared to the prior year.

Subsequent Event

Subsequent to the end of fiscal 2017, on March 23, 2018, the Company announced that David Levin, President and Chief Executive Officer, plans to retire as President and CEO and director of the Company by the end of 2018. The Company’s board of directors has initiated a search process to identify a successor for Mr. Levin, which is expected to be completed by the end of 2018. The search will include a review of both internal and external candidates.  Mr. Levin is also prepared to provide transition support and assist on requested projects following his retirement as CEO.  The Company and Mr. Levin have entered into a Transition Agreement dated as of March 20, 2018. See Note K, Subsequent Event, to the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements for additional disclosure.

Fiscal 2018 Outlook

Our strategy for fiscal 2018 remains focused on customer acquisition, customer retention, and customer re-activation.  We intend to launch a new creative advertising campaign with two flights of television: 6 weeks in Spring, and 5 weeks in Fall.  Our marketing spend for the year is expected to be approximately $24.0 million which is less than fiscal 2017 spend of approximately $29.5 million, but greater than fiscal 2016 spend of $18.0 million.  Compared to fiscal 2017, we are projecting that our total sales for the year will be negatively impacted by one less week of sales and a net decrease in store count of nine stores, worth approximately $5.3 million in sales.  Fiscal 2017 included a 53rd week, with sales of $6.9 million and operating income of $1.6 million.

We expect to open 3 new DXL stores in fiscal 2018 and plan to remodel 2 Casual Male stores which will be re-branded as DXL.

For fiscal 2018, our outlook, based on a 52-week year and without consideration of additional costs that may be incurred in connection with Mr. Levin’s retirement and the successor CEO transition, is as follows:

 

Sales are expected to range from $462.0 million to $472.0 million, with a total company comparable sales increase of approximately 1.0% to 3.0%.

 

Gross margin rate of approximately 45.0%.

 

Net loss, on a GAAP basis, of $(8.3) to $(14.3) million, or $(0.17) to $(0.29) per diluted share. 

 

EBITDA of $18.0 to $24.0 million.  

 

Adjusted net loss of $(0.12) to $(0.22) per diluted share.  Because we expect to continue providing a full valuation allowance against our deferred tax assets, we do not expect to recognize any income tax benefit in fiscal 2018. This non-GAAP net loss was calculated, assuming a tax benefit of 26%, by taking the 2018 forecasted earnings of a net loss of $(0.17) to $(0.29) per diluted share and multiplying each by 26% to calculate an estimated income tax benefit of $(0.05) to $(0.07) per diluted share, resulting in an adjusted net loss of $(0.12) to $(0.22) per diluted share.

 

Capital expenditures of approximately $11.4 million, $2.1 million of which will be for new and remodeled stores to the DXL format and $9.3 million for digital and infrastructure projects, partially offset by approximately $1.1 million in tenant allowances. We expect to fund our capital expenditures from our operating cash flow.

 

At the end of fiscal 2018, we expect cash flow from operating activities of $20.5 million to $26.5 million (including tenant allowances), resulting in positive free cash flow of approximately $9.1 million to $15.1 million.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Our fiscal year is a 52- or 53-week period ending on the Saturday closest to January 31. Fiscal 2017 was a 53-week year and fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015 were both 52-week periods.

SALES

Sales for fiscal 2017 increased 3.9% to $468.0 million as compared to $450.3 million for fiscal 2016.  The increase in sales is primarily due to sales from the 53rd week of $6.9 million, DXL non-comparable sales, net of closed stores, of $6.9 million and a comparable sales increase of $3.7 million, or 0.9%.  While store traffic was down for most of fiscal 2017, we did see increases in sales productivity with increases in average dollars per transactions, units per transaction and conversion.  Sales from our direct businesses as a percentage of net sales were 21.0% in fiscal 2017 as compared to 19.9% in fiscal 2016. Our end-of-rack customer grew to 45.6% of our bottoms business in fiscal 2017 from 44.6% in fiscal 2016.

 

28


 

Sales for fiscal 2016 increased 1.8% to $450.3 million as compared to $442.2 million in fiscal 2015.  The increase in sales was partly due to sales from DXL non-comparable store sales of $30.5 million, offset partially by lost sales of $25.4 million from closed and converted stores.  In addition, comparable sales increased $2.5 million, or 0.6%, compared to fiscal 2015.  Included in the comparable sales increase of $2.5 million, are the comparable sales from our 166 DXL retail stores, which increased 2.4%, or $5.4 million in fiscal 2016 as compared to fiscal 2015.  Store traffic was down across the retail industry in the latter half of fiscal 2016, which we believe was due in part to the macroeconomic and political issues the country was facing.  In fiscal 2016, regionally, our stores in Coastal states performed better than our stores in Central states, whose comparable sales were, on average, 600 basis points less than our stores in Coastal states. In addition to the overall weakness in the retail industry, we also believe that our decision to eliminate our Fall marketing campaign, had a negative impact on sales and on building our customer base in fiscal 2016.  

GROSS MARGIN

Gross margin rate for fiscal 2017 was 45.0% as compared to 45.5% in fiscal 2016 and 46.1% in fiscal 2015.

The gross margin of 45.0% for fiscal 2017 decreased 50 basis points from fiscal 2016.  The decrease was due to a 50 basis point decrease in merchandise margin, related to our inventory initiatives and increased efforts to reduce slow-moving merchandise categories which resulted in higher promotional markdowns than the prior year.  Our inventory initiatives have resulted in a 12% decrease in inventory levels from a year ago, improved inventory turnover and days on hand, while at the same time managing a strong merchandise margin.  Occupancy costs, as a percent of sales, were flat.  On a dollar basis, occupancy costs for fiscal 2017 increased approximately 4.0% over fiscal 2016, primarily as a result of an increase of 2.2% in total square footage and the increased percentage of DXL stores to our total store base.

The gross margin decrease of 60 basis points for fiscal 2016 as compared to fiscal 2015 was driven by a decrease of 40 basis points in merchandise margin and a 20 basis point increase in occupancy costs as a percentage of sales. The decrease in our merchandise margin of 40 basis points was mainly due to higher markdown activity associated with increased promotional activities. The increase in occupancy costs was due to occupancy expense increasing at a greater rate than sales.  

SELLING, GENERAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES

SG&A expenses as a percentage of sales for fiscal 2017, 2016 and 2015 were 41.3%, 38.5% and 40.8%, respectively.

SG&A expense for fiscal 2017 increased $19.9 million, or 11.5%, to $193.2 million as compared to $173.3 million in fiscal 2016.  The increase was principally due to an increase of $11.3 million in advertising expense. As discussed above, we increased our investment in our marketing initiatives in fiscal 2017 to help drive brand awareness, store traffic and our digital presence. The remainder of the increase was due to increases in store payroll and other supporting costs associated with a greater DXL store base and e-commerce initiatives and expenses for the additional 53rd week of approximately $2.5 million.  

SG&A expenses for fiscal 2016 decreased $7.3 million, or 4.0%, to $173.3 million as compared to $180.6 million in fiscal 2015. This decrease was primarily due to a decrease in advertising expense of approximately $5.4 million as well as a reduction in incentive accruals, including stock compensation, of approximately $5.4 million.  These decreases were partially offset by increases in store payroll of $1.1 million, associated with the higher sales base, healthcare costs of approximately $1.4 million and other corporate and supporting costs of $1.0 million.

IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

For fiscal 2017, we recorded impairment charges of $4.1 million, which consisted of $2.2 million for the impairment of long-lived assets related to stores where the carrying value exceeded fair value, and $1.9 million for the write-off of certain costs associated with technology projects which were abandoned, due to a shift in strategy, in fiscal 2017.  For fiscal 2016, impairment charges of $0.4 million related to impairment of long-lived assets, related to stores.  There were no impairment charges in fiscal 2015.

For comparability, impairment charges in fiscal 2016 of $0.4 million were reclassified from “Depreciation and amortization” to “Impairment of assets” on the Consolidated Statement of Operations.

DEPRECIATION AND AMORTIZATION

Depreciation and amortization expense was $31.1 million for fiscal 2017 compared to $30.2 million for fiscal 2016 and $28.4 million for fiscal 2015. The year-over-year increases in depreciation and amortization expense for both fiscal 2017 and fiscal 2016 were primarily related to the opening of 21 DXL retail and outlet stores in fiscal 2017 and 30 stores in fiscal 2016. With our new store growth complete, we expect that our depreciation levels will begin to decrease beginning in fiscal 2018.  

 

29


 

Included in depreciation and amortization is the amortization of our “Casual Male” trademark of $0.3 million, $0.3 million and $0.5 million for fiscal 2017, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

INTEREST EXPENSE, NET

Net interest expense for fiscal 2017 was $3.4 million as compared to $3.1 million for fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015.  Although total debt at February 3, 2018 decreased $3.7 million from January 28, 2017, our average borrowings under our revolver during fiscal 2017 were approximately $7.6 million higher than fiscal 2016.  In addition, our average interest rate increased from 4.4% in fiscal 2016 to 4.7% in fiscal 2017.  

See “Liquidity and Capital Resources” below for more discussion regarding our credit facility, equipment financings and term loan as well as our future liquidity needs.

INCOME TAXES

Pursuant to accounting rules, realization of our deferred tax assets, which relate principally to federal net operating loss carryforwards expiring from 2022 through 2036, is dependent on generating sufficient taxable income in the near term.

At the end of fiscal 2013, we entered a three-year cumulative loss and based on all positive and negative evidence at February 1, 2014, we established a full valuation allowance against our net deferred tax assets.  While we expect to return to profitability, generate taxable income and ultimately emerge from a three-year cumulative loss, based on our results for fiscal 2017 and our forecast for fiscal 2018, we believe that a full valuation allowance remains appropriate at this time.  

In December 2017, the U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (the “2017 Tax Act”) was enacted.  Because we have a full valuation allowance against our deferred tax assets at February 3, 2018, there was limited impact to our consolidated financial results.  The rate change impact on deferred tax assets as of February 3, 2018, due to the 2017 Tax Act, was $22.8 million and was fully offset by a corresponding decrease in our full valuation allowance against those deferred tax assets. The 2017 Tax Act also repealed the corporate alternative minimum tax (“AMT”) and any AMT carryforward credit became refundable over a five year period.  As a result, we have reclassified our AMT credit of approximately $2.1 million from deferred tax assets to a non-current receivable account and have reversed the corresponding valuation allowance, resulting in an income tax benefit for fiscal 2017.

Our tax provisions for fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015 were primarily attributable to current state margin tax and foreign income tax.    

NET LOSS

The net loss for fiscal 2017 was $(18.8) million, or $(0.39) per diluted share, as compared to $(2.3) million, or $(0.05) per diluted share, in fiscal 2016 and a net loss of $(8.4) million, or $(0.17) per diluted share, in fiscal 2015.

Results for fiscal 2017 as compared to fiscal 2016, included an increase in impairment charges of $3.7 million, or $0.08 per diluted share, and increased advertising costs of $11.3 million, or $0.23 per diluted share.  These additional costs were partially offset by the 53rd week which added approximately $1.6 million in operating income.  

On a non-GAAP basis, before impairments and assuming a normalized tax rate of 26% for all periods, adjusted net loss per share for fiscal 2017 was $(0.26) per diluted share, compared to $(0.03) per diluted share for fiscal 2016 and $(0.12) per diluted share in fiscal 2015.  See “Non-GAAP Reconciliation” below.  

 

30


 

SEASONALITY

A comparison of sales in each quarter of the past three fiscal years is presented below. The amounts shown are not necessarily indicative of actual trends, because such amounts also reflect the addition of new stores and the remodeling and closing of other stores during these periods. Consistent with the retail apparel industry, our business is seasonal. Generally, the majority of our operating income is generated in the fourth quarter as a result of the impact of the holiday selling season. A comparison of quarterly sales, gross profit, and net income per share for the past two fiscal years is presented in Note J of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

(in millions, except percentages)

 

Fiscal 2017

 

 

Fiscal 2016

 

 

Fiscal 2015

 

First quarter

 

$

107.6

 

 

 

23.0

%

 

$

107.9

 

 

 

24.0

%

 

$

104.4

 

 

 

23.6

%

Second quarter

 

 

121.1

 

 

 

25.9

%

 

 

117.9

 

 

 

26.2

%

 

 

114.2

 

 

 

25.8

%